Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) are universally included among top disruptive technologies. ML, more so than AI, has a profound long-term impact. While considered a branch of AI, ML might be the most exciting technology that humanity has ever seen. AI is more closely associated with interface technologies, like wearable electronics, virtual reality, and augmented reality. ML has varying levels of applications. Deep ML enables analysis for insights into datasets used in medicine, transportation, retail, and others. ML is expected to be applied throughout many global industries and the IoT.
Two very promising AI applications are generative design and natural language processing. The generative design uses computer resources to layout the best options. It mimics a natural approach to design whose specific parameters supplant experience. AI generative designs produce more results than is possible by human designers. Natural language processing enables computers to interact with human language. Its applications specifically impact virtual assistants like Siri and Alexa. Natural language processing has applications unlike anything currently available.
Other technologies that will shape the future of the world include:
- precision medicine
- graphene and 2D materials
- battery fast-charging
- solid state batteries
- last-mile transports
- perovskite solar
Precision medicine has been a dream of researchers for some time. Drugs that can be tailored to individuals and target specific problems represent a revolutionary change in modern medicine. Microbiomes is another exciting medical application that expects to advance human health practices. Medicine is also one of the great impact areas for blockchain technology. Blockchain expects to improve the digital transactions of financial, logistics, and business dealings.